n Company, and created by Satoshi Tajiri in 1996. It is centered around fictional creatures called "Pokémon", which humans capture and train to fight each other for sport. The name Pokémon is the romanized contraction of the Japanese brand Pocket Monsters. The term Pokémon, in addition to referring to the Pokémon franchise itself, also collectively refers to the 719 known fictional species that have made appearances in Pokémon media as of the release of the sixth generation titles Pokémon X and Y. "Pokémon" is identical in both the singular and plural, as is each individual species name; it is grammatically correct to say "one Pokémon" and "many Pokémon", as well as "one Pikachu" and "many Pikachu".